Practical Wing Chun Curriculum

As well as the forms students are taught Chi Sau (sticking hands), San Shou (free hands) and free play (pressure testing of techniques with a fully resisting opponent). Practical applications of all movements are taught with the pressure and intensity increasing as a student progresses through the system. Conditioning and flexibly exercises are taught to help strengthen the body and prepare the mind for dealing with an assailant in a real situation.

Siu Lim Tao (little idea)

This is the first form a student will learn and is the foundation upon which all other forms are built. The form is practiced at a natural deep core breathing rhythm without out any power being shown. If and when possible, we encourage students to do the form as manytimes per day .This form is one of the most challenging and generally takes the longest to be graded in. This is because the Siu Lim Tao is the foundation of all others forms and any mistakes in structure or mechanics are ideally rectified before poor structure is duplicated and ingrained into advance training. The Siu Lim Tao is primarily designed for one on one confrontation, adopting a close range combat syllabus. Before being graded in the Siu Lim Tao students are also taught Chi Sau and San Sau drills and must be able to demonstrate the use of all techniques in both of these drills. Gaining Certification in the Siu Lim Tao is by no means a sign of mastering the form, as student progresses they must take the Siu Lim Tao with them throughout their entire training syllabus as it provides the essential template that all other forms are based on.

Chaam Kiu (seeking the bridge)

The second form…Chaam Kiu focuses on maintaining the 4th (distance) centreline and contains more long range techniques and multidirectional movement than in the first form and is designed for facing multiple opponents. This form is more dynamic than Siu Lim Tao and is preformed at a more realistic speed and power. In combat students should be able to switch between and combine Siu Lim Tao and Chaam Kiu techniques. As when being graded for the first form in order to be certified in Chaam Kiu, students must be able to demonstrate practical applications/understanding of the movements in both Chi Sau and San Sau drills.

Biu Jee (thrusting fingers)

The Biu Jee form was traditionally only taught to a very advanced and chosen few who were mature enough to wield and control the lethality within. It is the third and last of the empty hand forms and deals with all three levels of the body (upper, middle and low). This form looks outside the box; the mentality is that it is for when chaos hits the fan. Like Chaam Kiu the form is dynamic and is preformed with more realistic speed and power than the Siu Lim Tao. By this point of a student’s training they must have competence in using their Wing Chun techniques in a combative situation and apply all movements from all three empty hand forms in San Sau and Chi Sau with advanced control so as to not seriously injure a training partner.

Mook Yan Jong (wooden dummy)

Generally the wooden dummy is not listed with the empty hand forms, however as the dummy is a apparatus to develop the empty hand techniques as opposed to a weapon it is not really a filled hand form either. The wooden dummy form contains 108 movements which are a combination of all three empty hand forms. As the wooden dummy is a fixed object that cannot move some of the footwork in the form has been modified to account for this and as such part of the wooden dummy training is learning how to perform this form without the use of the dummy. The air jong is preformed on a triangle without the aid of the apparatus, with some modified footwork as no allowances must be made due to the dummy being a static object whereas combat is not.A mainpoint of the dummy is not to bash and break the arms but to transfer ones power to controlthe trunk.Correct use of the dummy will not result in breaking any of the limbs , in most cases of broken limbs is due to incorrect use of the jong.

Filled hand forms

Like the rest of the Practical Wing Chun system the weapons components of the style have been refined and developed to work in realistic combative situations. Part of the filled hand training is being able to develop and increase ones one empty hand power, when the weapon is used as an extension of the body force is transferred beyond ones physical hand. In order to be certified in either of the weapons forms the student mast be able to apply the weapons forms movements in empty hand as well as armed combat and be able to use the swords and pole in weapon against weapon combat. The idea in Wing Chun is that you should be able to apply the principals learned in the filled hands forms to any weapon and be able to use that weapon proficiently. Knife work is also taught as an extension of both empty and filled hands components of training although it is not officially part of the system.

Six and a Half Point pole (Luk Dim Boon Gwun)

This is the shortest form in the system, however the lead up exercises and training are amongst the most physically demanding within the system. The average length of the pole is 2.7 to 3 meters and generally tapers to one end. In training, a longer, heavier untapered pole is also used for conditioning training. At the beginning students are taught the pole exercises which are used to develop core power and stamina. The use of the pole relies on using both hands in a co-dependency manner which corresponds to certain movements in the empty hand curriculum. Once sufficient understanding of the pole exercises are gained the actual form will be taught. The successful training of long pole will give a practitioner vast abilities when wielding everyday inanimate objects as a form of weapons defence.

Eight slashing knives (Baat Jaam Do)

As the swords require both hands to act independently of each other the sword form has more correlation to the empty hand techniques than the pole.  Once the swords have been mastered one should do all techniques as if they were holding swords. The swords are taught as a complete system of Chinese swordsmanship, once the form and drills are learnt students are taught to use the swords against other swords, pole weapons and how to use other implements in place of the swords. The lethality of sword training is not lost on the empty hand equivalent therefore only the most mature and honourable students are taught the Bat jam Do prior to mastering the system.